Carbon Products

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An Overview of Carbon Steel

Carbon steel, an iron-carbon alloy with a carbon content of up to 2.1% of the steel’s total weight, is one of the primary categories of steel. It makes up as much as 90% of steel manufactured globally. 

Five additional subcategories can be created from the main category of carbon steel:

  • Ultra-low-carbon steels: carbon content less than 0.015%;
  • Extra-low-carbon steels: between 0.015% and 0.05% carbon;
  • Low-carbon steels: between 0.05% and 0.19% carbon;
  • Medium-carbon steels: between 0.2% and 0.49% carbon;
  • High-carbon steels: a carbon content over 0.5%.

To qualify as carbon steel, each of these must have a copper, silicon, and manganese content of less than 0.6%, 0.6%, and 1.65%, respectively. Each one is particularly suited to different applications and technical requirements.

Iron’s malleability and carbon’s high strength combine to create carbon steel. Although initially brittle, carbon steel can be heated into a formable state to create customised shapes and plates. Throughout the whole heat-treatment process, it maintains its high toughness and tensile strength, but later, the surface layer becomes vulnerable to corrosive substances like weathering and oxidation.

By encouraging carbon migration to the component’s surface during the carburization process, which hardens the exterior of carbon steel, the problems of weathering and corrosion can be avoided. The distribution of carbon in the steel will be skewed, with a core that is tougher and more iron-dense in the center and a higher carbon density at the outer. As a result, the finished item has a special combination of a robust core and a wear-resistant skin.

We can promise you the lowest pricing because we are one of the largest volume suppliers of carbon steel Products. At Prashaant Steel & Alloys, we believe in selling in large quantities and expanding our customer base internationally, which enables us to operate on slim profit margins. We have a wide network of traders in India and the Middle East that regularly purchase from us. We have a large number of EPC contractors, businesses, and end users as well as merchants for our carbon steel goods.

We are one of the biggest carbon steel Forged Fittings, Buttweld fittings, Flanges, Fasteners & Valves Supplier & Manufacturers. If you are looking for a supplier for carbon steel Products at low prices, with best quality contact us.

Carbon Products

Carbon Steel Forged Fittings

Carbon Steel Forged Fittings

Buttweld Fittings

Carbon Steel Buttweld Fittings

Flanges

Carbon Steel Flanges

Carbon Steel Fasteners

Carbon Steel Fasteners

Valves

Carbon Steel Valves

Carbon Steel Applications

Carbon steel finds application across a wide range of industries in a variety of parts and components, including for:

  • Buildings and bridges
  • Axles
  • Gears
  • Shafts
  • Rails
  • Pipelines
  • Couplings
  • Cars
  • Refrigerators
  • Washing machines

Carbon Steels from Prashaant Steel & Alloys

Prashaant Steel & Alloys is a leading Supplier of carbon steel products for a number of purposes. It offers a range of steel grades to satisfy the demands of various industries and provide answers to problems unique to each application.

 

Types of Carbon Steel and their Properties

Carbon steel can be classified into three categories according to its carbon content: low-carbon steel (or mild-carbon steel), medium-carbon steel and high-carbon steel [1]. Their carbon content, microstructure and properties compare as follows:

 

Carbon content (wt.%)

Microstructure

Properties

Examples

Low-carbon steel

< 0.25

Ferrite, pearlite

Low hardness and cost. High ductility, toughness, machinability and weldability

AISI 304, ASTM A815, AISI 316L

Medium-carbon steel

0.25 – 0.60

Martensite

Low hardenability, medium strength, ductility and toughness

AISI 409, ASTM A29, SCM435

High-carbon steel

0.60 – 1.25

Pearlite

High hardness, strength, low ductility

AISI 440C, EN 10088-3

Comparison of Properties and Applications of Different Grades

Type

AISI/ASTM name

Carbon content (wt.%)

Tensile strength (MPa)

Yield strength (MPa)

Ductility (% elongation in 50 mm)

Applications

Low

1010

0.10

325

180

28

Automobile panels, nails, wire

Low

1020

0.20

380

205

25

Pipes, structural steel, sheet steel

Low

A36

0.29

400

220

23

Structural

Low

A516 Grade 70

0.31

485

260

21

Low-temperature pressure vessels

Medium

1030

0.27 – 0.34

460

325

12

Machinery parts, gears, shifts, axles, bolts

Medium

1040

0.37 – 0.44

620

415

25

Crankshafts, couplings, cold headed parts.

High

1080

0.75 – 0.88

924

440

12

Music wire

High

1095

0.90 – 1.04

665

380

10

Springs, cutting tools

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